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Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer starts when normal cells in one or both kidneys deviate from their primary functions and grow uncontrollably, creating a lump known as a renal cortical tumor. There are different kinds of tumors: malignant, indolent, and benign. Malignant tumors are cancerous and can spread to other body parts. Indolent tumors are also cancerous but usually don’t spread much. Benign tumors can grow, but they don’t extend to other areas. So, when it comes to kidney cancer, it’s all about these abnormal cell growths in the kidneys, and the type of tumor determines if it’s likely to transmit or not.

The Types of Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer comes in various types, and the most common one is called Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC). Here are the main types of kidney cancer explained in simpler terms:

Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

This type makes up about 90% of kidney cancer cases.

Clear Cell Carcinoma

Clear Cell Carcinoma

The most widespread type, making up 70-80% of cases. Cells look clear. Under a microscope, the cells look clear.

Papillary Carcinoma

Papillary Carcinoma

Accounts for 10-15% of cases. The cells have finger-like projections when seen under a microscope.

Chromophobe Carcinoma

Chromophobe Carcinoma

Makes up about 5% of cases. These cells are giant and have a distinct appearance under a microscope.

Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC)

Transitional Cell Carcinoma (TCC)

They are also known as urothelial carcinoma.

Typically, it starts in the lining of the renal pelvis (where the kidney connects to the ureter), but it can also develop in the ureters or bladder.

Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

It affects children,usually between 3 and 4 years old.

It’s rare in adults.

It usually develops from immature kidney cells and is found in only one kidney.

Renal Sarcoma

Renal Sarcoma

A rare type (about 1-2% of cases).

This type of cancer grows in the connective tissue of the kidney

The Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

What Causes Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer is when abnormal cells in the kidney grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor. While the exact reasons for kidney cancer aren’t always clear, certain factors can increase the chances of getting it. Some common causes are – Smoking, Obesity, High Blood Pressure, Family conditions, Exposure to Chemicals, Genetic Conditions, Gender, and Age.

Risk Factors of Kidney Cancer

Risk Factors of Kidney Cancer

  • Tobacco smoking is a major risk factor.
  • Men are at a higher risk of developing kidney cancer compared to women.
  • People with hypertension.
  • Being overweight or obese increases the risk.
  • Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD), especially in dialysis patients.
  • Having a close relative with kidney cancer increases your risk.
  • Inherited conditions, such as von Hippel-Lindau disease, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma, and hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC).
  • Occupational exposure to certain chemicals and substances, such as asbestos, cadmium, benzene, and organic solvents, may increase the risk.
  • Exposure to high levels of radiation, whether from medical imaging procedures (such as repeated CT scans) or occupational exposure (such as radiation therapy for other cancers).

If kidney cancer comes back after treatment or spreads to other parts of the body, it might not be completely curable. But treatments can help control the cancer and make you more comfortable. These treatments include:

  • Surgery to remove as much cancer as possible: If the surgeons can’t altogether remove the tumor, surgeons will try to take it out as much as they can. This might also involve eliminating cancer that has spread elsewhere in the body.
  • Targeted therapy: This involves using drugs that focus on specific abnormalities in cancer cells, making the cancer cells die.
  • Immunotherapy: This treatment uses your immune system to fight cancer. It interferes with the processes, allowing cancer cells to hide from the immune system.
  • Radiation therapy: This uses high-energy beams like X-rays to kill cancer cells. It’s used to control or reduce symptoms of kidney cancer that have spread to other parts of the body.
  • Clinical trials: These research studies tests, new treatments, or ways to detect and prevent the disease. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor if you want to be more aware.

Cancer staging is a way for doctors to locate where cancer is, how far it has spread, and if it has affected other parts of the body.

Doctors use tests to figure out the stage of cancer, which helps them decide on the best treatment and predict the chances of recovery. Different types of cancer have other stage descriptions.

The TNM system is a tool doctors use to determine the cancer stage. It comprises of three questions:

  • Tumour (T): How big is the primary tumor, and where is it?
  • Node (N): Has the tumor spread to nearby lymph nodes?
  • Metastasis (M): Has the cancer spread to other body parts?

The answers to these questions determine the cancer stage. For kidney cancer, there are five stages: stage 0 and stages I through IV.

The stages of kidney cancer can be determined by combining T, N, and M classifications:

  • Stage I: The tumor is small, confined to the kidney, and has not spread.
  • Stage II: The tumor is more prominent but still confined to the kidney.
  • Stage III: The cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes or invaded surrounding tissues.
  • Stage IV: The tumor has spread beyond the kidney or other organs.

Recurrent cancer means it has come back after treatment. In such cases, additional tests are performed to understand the extent of the tumor, similar to the initial diagnosis process.

To lower your chances of developing kidney cancer, your doctor can assist you in making lifestyle changes that will improve the health of your kidneys.

  • Quit Smoking: If you smoke, stopping can significantly lower your risk of kidney cancer. Doctors encourage smokers to quit and provide effective Tobacco Cessation Programs to support your success in kicking the habit.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight is linked to a higher risk of kidney cancer. Extra weight can lead to hormonal changes, like insulin fluctuations, which may harm the kidneys. The best way to lose or keep a healthy weight is to follow a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Exercising for at least 30 minutes daily can help you shed those extra pounds.
  • Control High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure, or hypertension, might increase your risk of kidney cancer. Doctors need to determine whether the condition or the medications used to treat it are responsible for the heightened risk. To lower your blood pressure, maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise.
  • Limit Workplace Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain industrial minerals and chemicals at your workplace, like asbestos and cadmium, has been linked to a higher risk of kidney cancer.

The survival rate of Kidney cancer is at least 5 years after diagnosis.

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A 5-year relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of kidney cancer to the overall population. For example, an 80% rate means those with that cancer are about 80% as likely as those without it to live for at least 5 years after diagnosis. The American Cancer Society gathers this data from the SEER database, tracking survival rates based on cancer spread: localized (93%), regional (74%), and distant (17%). Other factors, like age and overall health, also affect survival rates.

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Kidney Cancer?

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Kidney Cancer?

Get ready for a significant change in our calm place. It’s where ancient healing meets modern medicine.

Welcome to Punarjan Clinic! Our treatment combines old Ayurvedic knowledge with new medical discoveries. Enjoy our carefully crafted treatment plan to help you fight your disease.

In our special place, we build a defense against long-lasting illnesses. See the new era of medicine unfold.

We aim to stop cancer deaths and fight the evil things harming your health. We boost your body’s natural defense to make it stronger.

We made a place where you can refresh and clean your body.

Kidney cancer isn’t just physically dangerous; it can affect your emotions, too. Our team is here to guide and protect you during your journey. We want to solve mysteries and give you information to light up your path.

Punarjan Clinic is excited about your visit as new possibilities open up. Today, we take a big step to reach every person with cancer and help them using Ayurvedic medicine. It’s a ray of hope from Mother Nature. Remember, you’re not alone in this tough fight. Punarjan Clinic will be with you every step of the way.


Success Stories


Punarjan Clinic has been a ray of hope for Bibi, suffering from Colon cancer. She was told that without tumor removal, survival was unlikely, leaving her unable to eat or drink and in immense pain.

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Balaramadu is a 65-year-old man from Mahbubnagar District, he was faced with paralysis in his left hand and leg, only to discover he also had stomach cancer.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is a renal mass?

    A renal mass is like an unusual lump in the kidney. It doesn't always mean cancer, and if it's not cancer, it's usually minor. Some renal masses are also known as pre-cancerous, which means they're not cancer yet but could become cancer in the future.

  • Is Kidney cancer genetic?

    Family history plays a role in increasing the risk of kidney cancer. So, if a close family member, especially a sibling, has had kidney cancer, it's essential to be aware that your risk might be higher, too. Regular check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can help manage this risk and catch potential issues early on.

  • How fast does kidney cancer spread?

    Usually, it spreads faster in the beginning. The speed of cancer growth is influenced by factors such as age, overall health, and family history.

  • Can kidney cancer be cured?

    Yes, new technology helps find it early for better chances. About 80% survive 5+ years if caught early. But, if it's found later, it's harder to treat, so survival rates are lower.

  • How does kidney cancer impact daily life?

    The treatment of kidney cancer may cause side effects, affecting energy levels and lifestyle. Support from healthcare providers and loved ones is crucial.

  • Can kidney cancer spread to other organs?

    Yes, kidney cancer can metastasize to other organs, emphasizing the importance of early detection and treatment.

  • What is the prognosis for kidney cancer patients?

    Prognosis varies based on stage, type, and overall health. Early detection and timely treatment generally lead to better outcomes.