• Home page icon
  • Arrow bread crum
  • Our Specialties
  • Our specialties bread crum
  • Blood Cancer
Blood Cancer

Blood Cancer

Blood cancer, also known as hematologic cancer, disrupts the intricate process of blood cell production and functionality within your body. Originating in the bone marrow, a vital component nestled within the core of your bones, blood cancer alters the production of stem cells—a crucial precursor to red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

Ordinary blood cells are key in combating infections, transporting oxygen throughout the body, and regulating bleeding. However, the onset of blood cancer perturbs this delicate balance, leading to the proliferation of abnormal blood cells that gradually outnumber their healthy counterparts. This imbalance triggers a cascade of medical complications, underscoring the significance of understanding and addressing blood cancer.

The Types of Blood Cancer



Leukemia is a type of blood cancer originating in the bone marrow and affecting the blood cells.



Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which includes lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and bone marrow

Multiple Myeloma

Multiple Myeloma

Multiple myeloma is a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow. It can lead to bone pain, weakness, and anemia. Treatment options for multiple myeloma may include chemotherapy, stem cell transplantation, and targeted therapy.

Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of disorders characterized by abnormal blood cell production in the bone marrow. There are different types or classifications of MDS, each with its own prognosis and treatment approach.

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN)

Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN)

Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) are a group of disorders characterized by the overproduction of mature blood cells in the bone marrow.

Acute and Chronic Blood Cancer

Acute and Chronic Blood Cancer

Blood cancer manifests in various forms, categorized broadly as acute or chronic, each presenting distinct characteristics and treatment approaches.

The Symptoms of Blood Cancer

What Causes Blood Cancer?

The exact causes of blood cancer are not always clear, but several factors may contribute to its development: Leukemia,Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma.

Risk Factors of Blood  Cancer

Risk Factors of Blood Cancer

  • Smokers are more likely to develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML) compared to non-smokers.
  • Individuals with a family history of blood cancer
  • Long-term exposure to certain chemicals, like benzene found in industrial settings or some cleaning products.
  • High doses of radiation, from sources like atomic bomb blasts or nuclear accidents.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy used to treat other cancers.
  • Certain autoimmune diseases and immune system disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and celiac disease.
  • Some viral infections have been linked to an increased risk of blood cancer. For instance, infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection is associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL).
  • Certain genetic mutations and inherited conditions, such as Down syndrome, Fanconi anemia, Bloom syndrome, and Li-Fraumeni syndrome, increase the risk of developing leukemia, lymphoma, or multiple myeloma.

Diagnosing blood cancer typically involves a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and specialized tests to confirm the presence of abnormal blood cells and determine the specific type and stage of the disease. Common diagnostic procedures include:

Blood Tests

Blood tests, including complete blood count (CBC) and peripheral blood smear, are often the first step in diagnosing blood cancer. These tests can reveal abnormalities in blood cell counts, such as low red blood cell count (anemia), low platelet count (thrombocytopenia), or abnormal white blood cell count.

Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy involve collecting a small sample of bone marrow tissue from the hip bone (pelvic bone) or sternum (breastbone) using a needle. The samples are examined under a microscope to assess the presence of abnormal cells, determine their characteristics, and confirm the blood cancer diagnosis.

Imaging Studies

Imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and positron emission tomography (PET) scans, may be used to assess the extent of the disease and identify any abnormalities in the lymph nodes, spleen, or other organs.

Flow Cytometry

Flow cytometry is a laboratory technique used to analyze the characteristics of cells, including their size, shape, and surface proteins. It can help differentiate between normal and abnormal blood cells and classify the type of blood cancer based on specific markers expressed on the cell surface.

Cytogenetic Analysis

The cytogenetic analysis involves examining the chromosomes in blood or bone marrow cells to detect any genetic abnormalities or chromosomal rearrangements associated with blood cancer. This information can help guide treatment decisions and predict prognosis.

Once a diagnosis of blood cancer is confirmed, further tests may be performed to determine the stage of the disease and assess the extent of organ involvement, which helps in developing an appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment for blood cancer depends on several factors, including the type of blood cancer, its stage and severity, the patient’s overall health and preferences, and other individualized considerations. Common treatment modalities for blood cancer include:


Chemotherapy involves using powerful medications to kill cancer cells or prevent their growth and spread. It may be administered orally, intravenously, or through injections and can be used as a standalone treatment or combined with other therapies.


Immunotherapy harnesses the body’s immune system to target and destroy cancer cells. It may involve the use of monoclonal antibodies, immune checkpoint inhibitors, or adoptive cell therapy to enhance immune responses against blood cancer cells.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted therapy drugs are designed to specifically target certain molecules or pathways involved in the growth and survival of cancer cells. They may be used alone or in combination with other treatments to block the growth of blood cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy cells.

Stem Cells Transplantation

Stem cell transplantation, or bone marrow transplant, involves replacing diseased or damaged bone marrow with healthy stem cells from a donor (allogeneic transplant) or the patient’s body (autologous transplant). It may be used to treat certain types of blood cancer, particularly leukemia and multiple myeloma.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays or particles to target and destroy cancer cells. It may be used to shrink tumors, alleviate symptoms, or prepare for stem cell transplantation in blood cancer patients.

Supportive Care

Supportive care measures, such as blood transfusions, antibiotics, and medications to manage pain and other symptoms, are crucial in alleviating treatment side effects and improving the quality of life for blood cancer patients.

Preventing blood cancer involves adopting healthy lifestyle habits and minimizing exposure to known risk factors. While not all cases of blood cancer can be prevented, taking proactive steps to reduce risk can help lower the likelihood of developing the disease. Here are some strategies for preventing blood cancer:

Maintain a Healthy Weight

Obesity and excess body weight have been associated with an increased risk of multiple cancers, including leukemia and lymphoma. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help reduce the risk of blood cancer and improve overall health.

Avoid Tobacco and Alcohol

Tobacco smoke and excessive alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for blood cancer. Both substances contain carcinogens that can damage cells and increase the risk of cancer development. Smoking tobacco and consuming alcohol have been linked to various types of blood cancer, including leukemia and lymphoma.

Avoid Exposure to Environmental Toxins

Limiting exposure to environmental toxins, such as benzene, pesticides, and industrial chemicals, can help reduce the risk of blood cancer. Follow safety guidelines when working with hazardous substances and take precautions to minimize exposure to harmful chemicals in the environment.

Undergo Regular Health Screenings

Regular health check-ups and screenings can help detect cancer at an early stage when treatment is most effective. Talk to your healthcare provider about recommended cancer screenings based on your age, gender, and personal health history.

Protect Against Infections

Certain viral infections, such as the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV-1), have been linked to an increased risk of blood cancer. Practicing good hygiene, getting vaccinated against viruses like hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV), and taking precautions to prevent the spread of infections can help reduce the risk of blood cancer.

The survival rate of Blood cancer is at least 5 years after diagnosis.

survial arrow

Survival rates for blood cancer vary depending on several factors, including the type and stage of the disease, the patient’s age and overall health, and the effectiveness of treatment.While blood cancer can be a serious and life-threatening condition, advancements in medical technology and treatment options have led to improved survival rates in recent years.

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Blood Cancer?

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Blood Cancer?

Originating in ancient India, Ayurveda is a holistic medical system that views the body as composed of three energies known as doshas—vata, pitta, and kapha. According to Ayurvedic philosophy, maintaining a balance among these doshas is essential for overall health, while imbalance can lead to illness. In the context of blood cancer treatment, Ayurveda focuses on restoring dosha equilibrium.

Ayurvedic practitioners often turn to potent herbs like Ashwagandha, kale, and guggul, renowned for their anti-cancer properties, to strengthen the immune system and support the body’s natural healing processes. These herbs are blended with Rasa Bhasmas, mineral-based preparations, to create powerful medicines tailored to each individual’s needs

Moreover, Ayurveda offers complementary support to conventional cancer therapies such as radiation and chemotherapy, mitigating their adverse effects and improving the patient’s overall well-being. Here are some advantages that Ayurveda offers in blood cancer treatment:

  • Natural Healing:Ayurvedic treatments rely on natural remedies derived from herbs and minerals, making them gentle and free from synthetic chemicals.
  • Immune System Support:Ayurvedic herbs and therapies bolster the immune system, helping the body fight cancer cells more effectively.
  • Reduced Side Effects:By minimizing the negative consequences of standard medical treatments, Ayurveda enhances the patient’s treatment experience and reduces discomfort.
  • Enhanced Quality of Life:Ayurvedic treatments address not only the physical aspects of cancer but also the emotional and spiritual well-being of the patient, promoting a sense of balance and harmony.

Incorporating Ayurveda into the treatment plan for blood cancer offers a holistic approach to healing, addressing the root causes of the disease while supporting overall health and vitality. By harnessing the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda alongside modern medical interventions, patients can experience improved outcomes and a higher quality of life on their journey to recovery.


Success Stories


Punarjan Clinic has been a ray of hope for Bibi, suffering from Colon cancer. She was told that without tumor removal, survival was unlikely, leaving her unable to eat or drink and in immense pain.

play icon


Balaramadu is a 65-year-old man from Mahbubnagar District, he was faced with paralysis in his left hand and leg, only to discover he also had stomach cancer.

play icon

Book An Appointment

Please reach out to us to schedule your appointment. Your well-being is our priority.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the life expectancy of a person with blood cancer?

    The life expectancy of a person with blood cancer varies depending on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as the individual's overall health and response to treatment.

  • What are the 3 types of blood cancer?

    The three main types of blood cancer are leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.

  • What are the first signs of blood cancer?

    The first signs of blood cancer can vary depending on the specific type of blood cancer, but common symptoms may include unexplained fatigue, easy bruising or bleeding, frequent infections, unexplained weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, and night sweats

  • How long can you have blood cancer without knowing?

    Blood cancer can develop slowly, and early-stage symptoms can be subtle or easily attributed to other causes. As a result, people can have blood cancer for months or even years without knowing it. Regular check-ups and awareness of potential symptoms are important for early detection.