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Melanoma/Skin Cancer

Melanoma/Skin Cancer

Melanoma is one of the key variants of skin cancer, which commonly arises from pigment-producing cells (melanocytes). It has been a significant health concern globally. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial sources is considered the potential primary risk factor for this cancer variant. Often characterized by the uncontrolled growth of melanocytes, melanoma/skin cancer can spread to neighboring organs, making early detection and intervention crucial for optimal management and outlook.

Some of the common warning signs to watch out for recognizing melanoma in its early stages include changes in the size, shape, or color of moles, asymmetry, irregular borders, and evolving lesions Adopting sun protection practices, including sunscreen use, protective clothing, and avoiding excessive sun exposure can play a pivotal role in the prevention of melanoma.

Timely diagnosis through regular skin examinations and vigilant monitoring of moles is essential for optimal outcomes. Treatment modalities of melanoma/skin cancer range from surgical excision for localized cases to targeted therapies and immunotherapies for advanced-stage melanomas. Public awareness campaigns and proactive skin health practices play a pivotal role in mitigating the impact of melanoma, emphasizing the importance of sun safety and regular skin checks.

The Types of Melanoma/Skin Cancer

Skin cancer or melanoma may manifest in various forms. While basal and squamous cell carcinomas are more common, melanoma, originating from melanocytes, is considered more aggressive. Accurately diagnosing the type of melanoma is crucial for timely intervention and optimal outcomes.

Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma

Comprises about 80% of skin cancers. It originates in the basal cells of the epidermis, commonly found on the head and neck. It appears as pearly, waxy bumps, flat, scaly patches or recurring sores.

Squamous cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

Constitutes about 20% of skin cancers, and originates in squamous cells of the outer skin layer. Commonly found on sun-exposed areas, it appears as red, scaly patches, firm bumps or ulcers with raised edges.



The deadliest skin cancer, arises from melanocytes and can occur anywhere on the body. It grows rapidly, often manifesting as changing moles that exhibit the ‘ABCDE’ characteristics; Asymmetry, irregular Borders, uneven Color, large Diameter and Evolving appearance.

The Symptoms of Melanoma/Skin Cancer

What Causes Melanoma/Skin Cancer?

UV radiation, genetic factors, sunburn, fair skin, and an inadequate immune system are considered some of the crucial causes of melanoma/skin cancer.

Risk Factors of Melanoma/Skin Cancer

Risk Factors of Melanoma/Skin Cancer

  • UV Exposure
  • Fair Skin
  • Genetics
  • Weakened Immune System
  • Age
  • Multiple Moles
  • Previous Skin Cancer

Diagnosing melanoma and other skin cancers involves a meticulous process
integrating clinical evaluation and specialized tests. Dermatologists
typically employ the ABCDE rule—assessing Asymmetry, irregular Borders, varied
Colors, Diameter, and Evolution of moles or lesions.

Suspicious cases prompt further examination through:

  1. Skin Biopsy: A small tissue sample is extracted and examined under a
    microscope to determine cell abnormalities and confirm the diagnosis.
  2. Dermoscopy: Dermatologists use a handheld device to magnify and examine skin
    lesions more closely, aiding in distinguishing benign from malignant features.
  3. Confocal Microscopy: Advanced imaging technology that allows non-invasive
    visualization of skin layers, aiding in the assessment of cellular structures.
  4. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy: For melanomas with a higher risk of spreading,
    this procedure helps determine whether cancer has reached nearby lymph nodes.

Regular skin self-examinations and professional dermatological assessments are
crucial for early detection. Individuals are encouraged to be vigilant about
changes in moles, skin texture, or the appearance of new lesions. Timely
diagnosis enhances treatment efficacy and overall outcomes in the management
of melanoma and skin cancer. Collaboration between patients and healthcare
providers is pivotal in maintaining skin health and preventing the progression
of skin malignancies.

The treatment of melanoma and skin cancer is stage-specific, tailored to the extent of the disease and individual patient factors.

  1. Stage 0 (In Situ):

Localized lesions may be excised through surgery or treated with techniques like cryotherapy. Regular monitoring and preventive measures are often sufficient.

  1. Stages I and II:

Surgical excision remains a primary approach, removing the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue. Sentinel lymph node biopsy may be considered to assess possible spread.

  1. Stage III:

Surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or a combination may be recommended. Lymph node dissection may be considered if cancer has spread to nearby nodes.

  1. Stage IV (Advanced):

Stage IV melanoma is considered the most advanced phase, where the treatment/management interventions focus on controlling the symptoms to improve the quality of life. However, surgical interventions, chemotherapy, and other systemic therapies, such as immunotherapy and targeted therapy can also be leveraged to restrict the cancer progression.   

  1. Recurrent Melanoma:

Treatment depends on the location and extent of recurrence. Surgical excision, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or participation in clinical trials are considered.

Regular follow-ups post-treatment are crucial for monitoring recurrence and managing potential side effects. Patient involvement in decision-making, understanding treatment options, and open communication with healthcare providers are central to achieving optimal outcomes in the complex landscape of melanoma and skin cancer treatment.

The direct UV rays from the sun on the bare skin are a major cause of Melanoma. Wearing layered clothing and applying high-SPF sunscreen on the exposed skin can be helpful. Regular self-examinations for changes in moles or skin lesions are crucial for early detection. Individuals with a higher risk, such as fair-skinned individuals or those with a family history, should opt for periodic skin checks with dermatologists. Avoiding exposure to UV rays during peak sun hours, and staying vigilant about skin health can help prevent melanoma. Education on sun safety and skin cancer awareness is pivotal in reducing the incidence and impact of melanoma.
The 5-year survival rate for melanoma varies by stage at diagnosis. Early detection yields high survival rates, ranging from 98% for localized cases to 23% for distant metastases. Regular screenings and prompt intervention significantly impact melanoma outcomes.

The survival rate of Melanoma/Skin Cancer is at least 5 years after diagnosis.

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The 5-year survival rate for melanoma varies by stage at diagnosis. Early detection yields high survival rates, ranging from 98% for localized cases to 23% for distant metastases. Regular screenings and prompt intervention significantly impact melanoma outcomes.

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Skin Cancer?

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Skin Cancer?

We at Punarjan Clinic, renowned for our holistic cancer care, adopt a personalized and comprehensive methodology for melanoma/skin cancer treatment. Our Ayurveda-inspired interventions often involve Panchakarma, a detoxification process that aims to eliminate toxins from your body. Our customized herbal formulations are geared towards targeting cancer cells while promoting your overall well-being.

Our expert-recommended dietary modifications adhering to Ayurvedic principles can be integral to creating an internal environment conducive to healing from melanoma. We recommend stress management techniques, meditation, and counseling to be incorporated into your daily routine to address the emotional aspects associated with skin cancer.

It is crucial to understand that Ayurveda is generally considered complementary to conventional cancer treatments. Patients are encouraged to consult with both Ayurvedic practitioners and mainstream healthcare professionals to ensure a cohesive and comprehensive approach to skin cancer management.

Personalized attention, the amalgamation of ancient wisdom and modern insights, characterizes the holistic approach at Punarjan Clinic, providing individuals with a supportive path toward skin cancer wellness.

At Punarjan Clinic, your holistic well-being is our topmost priority. Consult with our experts for availing of comprehensive, customized, and cost-effective treatment, management, and prevention methodologies for melanoma/skin cancer.


Success Stories


Punarjan Clinic saved my life. When I was told I had eye cancer and needed more tests and chemotherapy, I felt scared. But then I found this hospital.

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Punarjan Clinic has been a ray of hope for Bibi, suffering from Colon cancer. She was told that without tumor removal, survival was unlikely, leaving her unable to eat or drink and in immense pain.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What Causes Melanoma?

    UV rays exposure, certain genetic predispositions, and a history of sunburns are considered the most potent causes of melanoma.

  • How Is Melanoma Diagnosed?

    Diagnosis involves clinical assessment, the ABCDE rule (Asymmetry, irregular Borders, varied Colors, Diameter, and Evolution), skin biopsy, and advanced techniques like dermoscopy and confocal microscopy.

  • Can Melanoma Be Prevented?

    Yes, adopting sun-safe practices, regular skin self-examinations, avoiding tanning beds, and scheduling routine dermatological checks contribute to effective prevention.

  • How Can Melanoma Be Treated?

    The stage of melanoma cancer helps your healthcare provider recommend the best course of treatment/management. Some of the most recommended treatment modalities include chemotherapy, surgery, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.

  • Mention Some Of The Imperative Risk Factors For Skin Cancer.

    Risk factors include UV exposure, fair skin, genetics, weakened immune system, age, multiple moles, and a history of previous skin cancer.

  • Is Melanoma Hereditary?

    While genetics play a role, most melanomas are caused by UV exposure. A family history of melanoma may slightly elevate the risk.

  • What Is the Survival Rate for Melanoma?

    The 5-year survival rate varies by stage at diagnosis, ranging from 98% for localized cases to 23% for distant metastases. Early detection significantly impacts outcomes.