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Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer, a prevalent malignancy affecting women, originates in the cervix—the lower part of the uterus. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, particularly high-risk strains, is the primary precursor to cervical cancer, emphasising the importance of vaccination and routine screenings. Globally, cervical cancer remains a significant public health concern, with over half a million new cases reported annually.

Early stages of cervical cancer often manifest asymptomatically, underscoring the critical role of regular Pap smears and HPV testing in early detection. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include abnormal bleeding, pelvic pain, and discomfort during intercourse. Timely intervention is pivotal for successful treatment, typically involving surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy.

Public health initiatives promoting HPV vaccination, coupled with awareness campaigns advocating regular screenings, contribute to cervical cancer prevention. In this multifaceted approach, education and proactive healthcare play pivotal roles in reducing the burden of cervical cancer and safeguarding women’s reproductive health.

The Types of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer manifests in distinct types, with Squamous Cell Carcinoma, originating in squamous epithelial cells, prevailing. Adenocarcinoma, arising from glandular cells, is also notable. The less common Adenosquamous Carcinoma exhibits hybrid characteristics. Understanding these nuances is vital for precise diagnosis and effective, personalised treatment strategies.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Accounting for around 80-90% of the cases, this is the most common type of cervical cancer. It starts in the flat, thin cells that line the outer part of the cervix. It often develops slowly from precancerous cell changes that can be detected by Pap smears.



Accounting for about 10-20% of cervical cancers, adenocarcinoma develops from the glandular cells that line the inner part of the cervix. It can develop more quickly than squamous cell carcinoma and might not be detected as easily by Pap smears.

Adenosquamous Carcinoma

Adenosquamous Carcinoma

This is a rarer type of cervical cancer, accounting for about 5-10% of the cases. It has features of both squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma as it develops from both types of cells. It may have more aggressive behavior compared to other types.

The Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

What Causes Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer is primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Other factors include a weakened immune system, long-term use of oral contraceptives, smoking, multiple sexual partners, and early onset of sexual activity. Understanding these risk factors is pivotal for preventive measures and targeted healthcare interventions.

Risk Factors of Cervical  Cancer

Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer

  • HPV Infection
  • Weakened Immune System
  • Oral Contraceptive Use
  • Smoking
  • Multiple Sexual Partners
  • Early Sexual Activity

The diagnosis of cervical cancer involves a systematic approach, integrating
various medical techniques to ensure precision and efficacy.

  1. Pap Smear (Pap Test): A cornerstone in cervical cancer screening, this
    procedure involves collecting cells from the cervix for microscopic
    examination. Abnormal cell changes indicative of precancerous or cancerous
    conditions can be detected early, facilitating timely intervention.
  2. HPV Testing: Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is often performed in
    conjunction with Pap smears. It identifies the presence of high-risk HPV
    strains, a major precursor to cervical cancer.
  3. Colposcopy: If abnormalities are detected in Pap smear results, a colposcopy
    may be recommended. This involves using a magnifying instrument to closely
    examine the cervix for suspicious areas.
  4. Biopsy: A definitive diagnosis typically requires a biopsy, where a small
    tissue sample is extracted from the cervix and examined under a microscope.
    This aids in determining the presence and extent of cancerous cells.
  5. Imaging Studies: In advanced cases, imaging studies such as magnetic resonance
    imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans may be conducted to assess the
    spread of cancer to nearby tissues and organs.

A collaborative and comprehensive approach ensures accurate diagnosis and
guides subsequent treatment decisions. Early detection through regular
screenings remains pivotal in improving outcomes and reducing the impact of
cervical cancer on women’s health. Regular check-ups and open communication
with healthcare providers play a crucial role in this process.

Cervical cancer treatment is stage-specific, tailoring interventions based on the extent of the cancer development.

1.Stage 0 (Carcinoma in Situ):

Early-stage cervical cancer, confined to the surface layer of the cervix, often involves surgical removal of abnormal cells through procedures like loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) or cone biopsy.

2.Stages I and II:

For localised cancer, surgery remains a primary option, including hysterectomy or removal of lymph nodes. Radiation therapy, either external or internal (brachytherapy), may be employed to target the tumour directly.

3.Stage III:

Cervical cancer that extends beyond the cervix but is confined to the pelvic area may involve a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Radical hysterectomy with removal of surrounding tissues and lymph nodes may be considered.

4.Stage IV:

Advanced-stage cervical cancer, spreading to distant organs, often requires a multidisciplinary approach. Palliative care, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy aim to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

5.Recurrent Cervical Cancer:

Recurrence may prompt a reassessment of treatment options, including surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or participation in clinical trials exploring innovative approaches.

Collaboration among oncologists, surgeons, and radiation oncologists ensures a personalised treatment plan. Decisions are based on factors like the patient’s overall health, the tumour’s characteristics, and the potential impact on fertility. Regular follow-ups post-treatment are vital for monitoring recurrence and managing potential side effects. Open communication between healthcare providers and patients is key to navigating the complex landscape of cervical cancer treatment.

Preventing cervical cancer involves a multifaceted approach. Vaccination against high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) strains, primarily responsible for cervical cancer, is a key preventive measure. Regular screenings, such as Pap smears and HPV tests, enable early detection of precancerous changes. Adoption of safe sexual practices, limiting the number of sexual partners, and avoiding smoking reduce risk factors. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular exercise, supports overall well-being. Combining these preventive strategies empowers individuals to mitigate the risk of cervical cancer and underscores the importance of proactive healthcare measures.

The survival rate of Cervical cancer is at least 5 years after diagnosis.

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The 5-year survival rate for cervical cancer depends on the stage at diagnosis. Generally, early-stage diagnoses yield a higher survival rate, ranging from 92% to 93%. Timely screenings and interventions significantly contribute to improved outcomes in cervical cancer management

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Cervical Cancer?

How Punarjan Clinic Treats Cervical Cancer?

Punarjan Clinic, a renowned centre for holistic cancer care, employs a personalised and comprehensive approach to treat cervical cancer. Rooted in the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda, their methodology addresses the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of the individual.

The treatment focuses on the following key principles:

  1. Detoxification (Panchakarma): Punarjan Clinic emphasises Panchakarma, a purification process that rids the body of accumulated toxins. This aids in restoring balance to the doshas, promoting overall well-being.
  2. Herbal Medications: Utilising a blend of potent herbs and natural ingredients, Punarjan Clinic formulates customised medications targeting cancer cells. The synergistic effect of these herbs aims to inhibit cancer growth and enhance the body’s natural defence mechanisms.
  3. Diet and Lifestyle Modification: A tailored diet plan and lifestyle adjustments are integral to the treatment process. Emphasising nutritious foods and practices that align with Ayurvedic principles, this holistic approach fosters an environment conducive to healing.
  4. Stress Management: Recognizing the impact of mental and emotional well-being, Punarjan Clinic incorporates stress management techniques. Mind-body practices, meditation, and counselling play pivotal roles in supporting patients through their healing journey.

While Ayurvedic treatments are known for their holistic approach, it’s crucial for individuals to consult with medical professionals and integrate Ayurveda as a complementary component to conventional cancer care. Personalised attention, ancient wisdom, and modern insights converge at Punarjan Clinic, offering a comprehensive and individualised approach to cervical cancer treatment.


Success Stories


Punarjan Clinic saved my life. When I was told I had eye cancer and needed more tests and chemotherapy, I felt scared. But then I found this hospital.

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Punarjan Clinic has been a ray of hope for Bibi, suffering from Colon cancer. She was told that without tumor removal, survival was unlikely, leaving her unable to eat or drink and in immense pain.

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What causes cervical cancer?

    Cervical cancer is primarily caused by persistent infection with high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV). Other factors such as smoking, weakened immune system, and early onset of sexual activity may contribute.

  • How is cervical cancer diagnosed?

    Diagnosis involves a Pap smear, HPV testing, colposcopy, biopsy, and, in advanced cases, imaging studies. Early detection through regular screenings is crucial for effective intervention.

  • What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

    Symptoms include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and pelvic back pain. Recognizing these signs is essential for timely medical evaluation.

  • Can cervical cancer be prevented?

    Yes, cervical cancer can be prevented through HPV vaccination, routine screenings (Pap smears and HPV tests), and adopting a healthy lifestyle. Vaccination is particularly effective when administered before sexual activity begins.

  • What are the treatment options for cervical cancer?

    Treatment varies based on the stage. Options include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. The choice depends on factors such as cancer stage, patient health, and preferences.

  • Is cervical cancer hereditary?

    While most cases are linked to HPV infection, there is a minimal genetic component. However, having a family history of cervical cancer may slightly elevate the risk.

  • Can cervical cancer affect fertility?

    Depending on the stage and treatment, cervical cancer may impact fertility. Conservative surgeries or fertility preservation methods may be considered, and it's crucial to discuss fertility concerns with healthcare providers.

  • What is the 5-year survival rate for cervical cancer?

    The 5-year survival rate depends on the stage at diagnosis. Early-stage cases have a higher survival rate, ranging from 92-93%. Timely screenings significantly contribute to improved outcomes in cervical cancer management.